Professor of Sociology and Judicial Studies
University of Nevada, Reno
Doctor of Jurisprudence, Nevada School of Law, Old College, Reno, NV, 1986 (Passed Nevada Bar Exam, 1986)
Ph.D. in Sociology (Computer Science minor), Washington State University, 1968
M.A. and B.A. in Sociology, Texas Tech University, 1965 and 1964
PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS HELD
1988 - present:
Director, Master of Judicial Studies Degree Program, U. of Nevada, Reno; Professor of Sociology and Judicial Studies.
1993 - 94
Sabbatical Leave in Australia, visitor at U. of Queensland, Sydney U., and U. of Melbourne (Law Schools and Studies in Religion Departments at Sydney and Queensland; Criminology at Melbourne)
1992 - 95
Director, Center for Justice Studies, UNR
Fulbright Fellow, Department of Psychology of Culture and Religion, Catholic University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
1974 - 1975
Departmental Visitor, Department of Sociology, London School of Economics, London, England.
1968 - present
Assistant Professor (1968-1971), Associate Professor of Sociology (1971-77), Full Prof. (1977-), University of Nevada, Reno.
TEACHING INTERESTS AND SPECIALIZATIONS
Social and Behavioral Science Evidence
Sociology of Religion and New Religious Movements
Sociology of Law and Social Psychology and Law
Social Movements and Collective Behavior
HONORS AND HONOR SOCIETIES
Who's Who in the West, in Religion, and in American Education
Phi Kappa Phi, Alpha Kappa Delta
Fulbright Fellow, 1981, The Netherlands
Foundation Professor, UNR, 1988-1991
Visitor in Sociology, London School of Economics, 1974-75
President, Assoc. for the Sociology of Religion, 1988-90.
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS (partial list)
American Bar Association and State Bar of Nevada
International Sociological Association (ISA)
American Sociological Association (ASA);
Law and Society Association (LSA)
Society for the Scientific Study of Religion (SSSR) (past officer)
American Psychological Assoc. (APA), Divisions 41 and 36
Association for the Sociology of Religion (ASR) (past president)
International Society for the Sociology of Religion (SISR) (past officer)
British Sociological Association, Sociology of Religion Study Group
International Sociological Association (ISA)
Australian Association for the Study of Religion (AASR)
American Association of University Professors (AAUP) (national officer and national committee chair)
Nevada Faculty Alliance (NFA) (lobbyist and past president)
FELLOWSHIPS AND GRANTS (partial list)
Co-principal investigator for State Justice Institution grants for over $1,000,000, 1988 through 1997, for support of MJS Program.
Co-PI of SJI grant on "Teaching Judges About Science," $90,000, March, 1997-June, 1998.
Foundation Professorship, U. of Nevada, Reno Foundation 1989-1992 (release time and $5,000 per year stipend)
Religious Research Association Grant: "Follow-up Study of Journalists Treatment of New Religions," 1988.
Fulbright Fellowship, Catholic U. of Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1981.
University of Nevada, Reno Research Advisory Board grants, four summers.
Programmed Learning Aid for BASIC Programming Language (with A. Brady), Richard Irwin Co., 1974; 2d ed., 1981. Also in Spanish. Over 40,000 copies.
Organized Miracles: A Sociological Study of a Jesus Movement Organization, with M. Stewart and R. Simmonds. Transaction Books, 1979; 358 pages.
Conversion Careers: In and Out of the New Religions, (edited volume) Sage Publications, 1978; 160 pgs. Went through several printings.
The Brainwashing/Deprogramming Controversy, with D. Bromley (edited volume), Edwin Mellen Press, 1983; 367 pgs.
Money and Power in the New Religions (ed. collection), Edwin Mellen Press, 1988; 435 pgs.
The Satanism Scare, with Joel Best and David Bromley (edited volume), New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1991; 320 pgs.
PAPERS PUBLISHED OR FORTHCOMING IN PROFESSIONAL JOURNALS (partial listing of over 100 articles and chapters)
"Changing Patterns of Enrollment at UNR, with a Discussion of Budgetary Implications." Nevada Public Affairs Review, No. 2, 1979: 28-29.
"Higher Education in Nevada." Special Issue of the Nevada Public Affairs Review, edited (with the assistance of Gerald Ginsburg): 80 pages, 1981.
"The History of Budget Formula Development for Nevada Universities" (with Don Jessup). Nevada Public Affairs Review, No. 1: 64-68, 1981.
"Tax Increases and Public Opinion in Nevada" (with Greg Swain and Tom Fusso). Nevada Public Affairs Review No, 1, 1983: 16-23.
"Conversion, Brainwashing, and Deprogramming in New Religious Movements," The Center Magazine, 15(2): 18-24, 1982. Reprinted in Update, Denmark journal, and (trans.) Religueze Bewelingen in Nederland, (Dutch journal).
"Psychological and Psychiatric Studies of Participation in New Religions," in L. Brown (ed.) New Perspectives in Psychology of Religion. Pergamon Press, 209-223, 1985.
"Psychotherapy and New Religions in a Pluralistic Society" (with B. Kilbourne), American Psychologist, 39(3): 237-251, 1984.
"The 'Old Right' In Action: Mormon and Catholic Involvement in an ERA Referendum," in D. Bromley and A. Shupe, (eds.), New Christian Politics. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 213-233, 1984.
"Higher Education Funding: A Year of Decision" (with Don Jessup). Nevada Public Affairs review No, 2, 1985:17-20.
"Consumer Protection and Deviant Religions," Review of Religious Research, 28(2): 168-179, 1986.
"Forensic Sociology: Some Cautions and Recommendations" (with G. Swain, J. Codega, and K. Bazzell), The American Sociologist, 18(4): 385-393, 1987.
"Public Opinion in Northern Nevada" (With John DeWitt and Sandra Neese). Nevada Public Affairs Review. No, 1, 1987:3-10.
"Changing Times: New Religions, Economics, and the Law in Contemporary America." Presidential address, Association for the Sociology of Religion, Sociological Analysis, 49:S1-14, 1988.
"Print Media Coverage of New Religious Movements" (with B. van Driel), Journal of Communication, 38(3): 377-61, 1988.
"The Psychology of Induction," in March Galanter (ed.) Cults and New Religious Movements, American Psychiatric Association, 1989.
"Medical malpractice Screening Panels in Nevada: A Tentative Success Story." Nevada Public Affairs Review No. 2, 1990: 54-59.
"Cult/Brainwashing Cases and Freedom of Religion," Journal of Church and State, 33(1): 55-74, 1991.
"Satanism in the Courts: From Murder to Heavy Metal," in J. Richardson, J. Best and D. Bromley (eds.) The Satanism Scare, Aldine, 1991.
"Mental Health of Cult Consumers: A Legal and Scientific Controversy," in J. Schumaker (ed.) Religion and Mental Health, Oxford, 1992.
"Public Opinion in the Tax Fraud Trial of Reverend Moon" Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 10: 53-63, 1992.
"Christian Science Spiritual Healing, Public Opinion, and the Law" (with John DeWitt), Journal of Church and State 34: 549-562, 1992.
"The Social Psychology of 'Brainwashing' Claims," in D. Bromley and J. Hadden (eds.), Cults and Sects in America. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1993.
"Definitions of Cult: From Sociological-Technical to Popular Negative," Rev. of Religious Research 34: 348-358, 1993.
"Dramatic Changes in American Expert Evidence Law: From Frye to Daubert." Judicial Review: Journal of the Judicial Commission of New South Wales, 2(1):13-36, 1994.
"Lessons from Waco: When Will we Ever Learn?" In From the Ashes: Making Sense of Waco, James Lewis (ed.),Lanham, Maryland: Rowan & Littlefield, 1994.
"New Religions in Europe: A Comparison of Developments and Reactions in England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands" (with B. van Driel), in A. Shupe and D. Bromley (eds.), Anti-Cult Movements in Cross-Cultural Perspective. New York: Garland, 1994.
"The Ethics of 'Brainwashing' Claims," Australian Religious Studies Review 7: 48-56, 1995.
"Update on 'The Family:' Organizational Change and Development in a Controversial New Religious Group." In Sex, Slander, and Salvation: Investigating The Family/ Children of God, James Lewis and J. Gordon Melton (eds.), Stanford, CA: Center for Academic Publication, 1994.
"Legal Status of Minority Religions in the United States," Social Compass 42: 249-264, 1995.
"Manufacturing Consent about Koresh: The Role of the Media in the Waco Tragedy," in Armageddon in Waco, Stuart Wright (ed.), Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1995.
"Minority Religions, Religious Freedom, and the New Pan-European Political and Judicial Institutions," Journal of Church and State 37: 39-59, 1995.
"Clinical and Personality Assessment of Participants in New Religions," The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 5: 145-170, 1995.
"Two Steps Forward, One Back: Psychiatry, Psychology, and the New Religions," International J. for the Psy. of Religion 5: 181-185, 1995.
"Problems of Applying Daubert to Psychological Syndrome Evidence" (with G. Ginsburg, S. Gatowski, and S. Dobbin), Judicature 79(1): 10-16, 1995.
"The Diffusion of Scientific Evidence: A Comparative Analysis of Admissibility Standards in Australia, Canada, England, and the United States, and Their Impact on Social and Behavioural Sciences" (with S. Gatowski, S. Dobbin, C. Nowlin, and G. Ginsburg), Expert Evidence 4: 1-8, 1995.
"Minority Religions ('Cults') and the Law: Comparisons of the United States, Europe and Australia." University of Queensland Law Journal 18: 183-207, 1995.
"Keeping Bad Science out of the Courtroom: Changes in Australian and American Expert Evidence Law." (With S. Odgers) University of New South Wales Law Review 18: 108-129, 1995.
"The 'Cult' Concept: A Politics of Representation Analysis."
SYZYGY: J. of Alternative Religion and Culture 3: 185-197, 1996.
"Court-Annexed Arbitration in Clark County, Nevada: An Evaluation of its Impact on the Pace, Cost, and Quality of Civil Justice" (with S. Gatowski, S, Dobbin, J. DeWitt, J. Carpenter, R. Dillehay, and D. Carns), Justice System Journal, 18:287- 304, 1996.
"Journalistic Bias in Australian Media Coverage of New Religions." J. of Contemporary Religion, 11(3);289-302, 1996.
"Religion, Mental Health and the Law: A Review of Psychological Research Relevant to 'Cult Cases.'" In H. Grzymala-Moszczynska and B. Beit-Hallahmi (eds.), Religion, Psychopathology, and Coping, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996.
"Satanism as an International Social Problem: A Social Constructionist Approach," Australian Journal of Social Issues, 32(1): 61-85, 1997.
"'Brainwashing' Claims About Minority Religions Outside the United States: Cultural Diffusion of a Questionable Concept in the Legal Arena." Brigham Young University Law Review, 1996(4): 873-904, 1997.
"Novel Scientific Evidence and Controversial Cases: A Social Psychological Examination" (with John DeWitt and Lyle Warner), Law & Psychology Review, 21: 1-23, 1997.
"Journalists' Attitudes About New Religions," Review of Religious Research, forthcoming, 1997.
"Minority Religions in Hungary and Poland: A Comparative Analysis of Recent Social Policy and Practice," forthcoming in edited volume to be published in Poland, Irena Borovik, editor, 1996.
"Apostates, Whistleblowers, and the Law: The Role of defectors in Legal Actions Against New Religions," forthcoming, D. Bromley (ed.), Apostates and New Religions. Pergamon Press, 1997.
"Diffusion of Evidence about Battered Spouse Syndrome" (with S. Gatowski, S. Dobbin, G. Ginsburg), forthcoming, Law & the Behavioral Sciences, 1997.
"'Brainwashing' Evidence and in Light of Daubert: Science and Unpopular Religions" (with Gerald Ginsburg),forthcoming in Current Legal Issues, University College London, Faculty of Law, 1997.
"The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: A Short-Lived Experiment in Religious Freedom," forthcoming in book edited by Christopher Barrigar.
"Journalists' Attitudes About New Religions" (with B. van Driel), Review of Religious Research 9(2): 116-136, 1996. Featured article, to which others responded.
"Sociology, 'Brainwashing', and Religious Freedom: The Sociologist as Expert Witness." In P. Jenkins and S. Kroll-Smith (eds.), Witnessing for Sociology: Sociologists in Court, Greenwood Press, pp. 115-134, 1996.
"Une Critique des Accusations de "Lavage de Cerveau" Portees a l'encontre des Nouveaux Mouvements Religieux: Questions d'ethique et de Preuve." In Massimo Introvigne and Gordon Melton (eds.) Pour en Finir Avec les Sectes, Turin, Italy: CESNUR, pp. 82-97, 1997.
"Minority Religions in Former Communist Countries: A Sociological Analysis." In Irena Borowik and Grzegorz Babinski (eds.), New Religious Phenomena in Central and Eastern Europe. Krakow: Nomos Publishing House, pp. 257-282, 1997.
"Social Control of New Religions: From 'Brainwashing' Claims to Child Sex Abuse Accusations." In Susan Palmer and Charlotte Hardman (eds.) Children in New Religious Movements. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, pp. 172-186, 1999.
"Apostates, Whistleblowers, and Social Control." In D. Bromley (ed.), The Politics of Religious Apostasy, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, pp. 171-189, 1997.
"The Globalization of Behavioral Science Evidence About Battered Spouse Syndrome: A Theory of Production and Diffusion" (with S. Gatowski, S. Dobbin, and G. Ginsburg) Behavioral Sciences & Law 15: 285-30, 1997.
"Religion" (with J. Muffler, J. Langrod, P. Ruiz). In J. Lowinson, P. Ruiz, R. Millman, J. Langrod (eds.), Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook, 3rd Edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, pp. 492-499, 1997.
"Law and Minority Religion: Positive' and Negative' Uses of the Legal System." Nova Religio, 2(1): 93-107, 1998.
"Brainwashing Evidence in Light of Daubert: Science and Popular Religion" (with G. Ginsburg). Law and Science: Current Legal Issues, edited by Helen Reece, 1: 265-288,1998.
"The Accidental Expert." Nova Religio 2(1): 31-43, 1998.
"Minority Faiths: Finding More Tolerance in Europe, Less in Russia". Brief report for Religion Watch 13(1): 1-2, 1998.
"Local Laws Restricting Religion in Russia: Precursors of Russia's New National Law" (with Marat Shetrin), Journal of Church and State, 40: 319-341, 1998.
"Mundane Materialism: How Tax Policies and Other Governmental Regulation Affected Beliefs and Practices of Jesus Movement Organizations" (with David Stewart), Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 67(4):825-847, 1999.
"Black's Lament: Premature Pessimism and Severe Near-Sightedness," a brief comment on "the Lawyerization of Legal Sociology" by Donald Black published in a print symposium in the ASA Sociology of Law Newsletter, Amici, Spring issue, 1998.
"Economic Practices of Jesus Movement Groups" (with David Stewart), Journal of Contemporary Religion, 14(3):309-324.
"Faculty Governance." The Chronicle of Higher Education, Vol. XLV, No. 23, p. B9, Feb. 12, 1999. Reprinted in AGB journal, Trusteeship, 7(3): 18,20,22, 1999, and in a reader edited by Richard Chait, for a Harvard education course, fall, 1999.
"Christian Science," in The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, Robert Wuthnow, Editor in Chief. Washington, D.C.:Congressional Quarterly, Inc., pp. 130-131, 1998.
"Public Religion and New Religions" In W. Swatos and J. Wellman (eds.) The Power of Religious Publics, Greenwood Press, pp. 153-167, 1999.
"Legal and Political Status of New Religions in America: Some Lessons for Germany?" forthcoming in book edited by Thomas Hase, Steffen Rink, and Thomas Schweer, Streitfall Neue Religionen. Religionswessenschaftliche Perspekteiven im internationalen Vergleich (Marburg, Diagonal-Verlag, 1999).
"Religious Conversion and Personality Change" (with Ray Paloutzian and Lewis Rambo) forthcoming Journal of Personality, 1999.
"Religious Minorities and Religious Freedom in Russia: Examining a Major Legal Case" (with Marat Shetrin), forthcoming in The Protection of Religious Minorities in Europe: Law, Theory, and Practice, edited by Peter Danchin, Columbia University Press, 1999.
"Tenure in the New Millennium: Still a Useful Concept." National Forum: The Phi Kappa Phi Journal 79 (Winter):19-24, 1999.
"Brainwashing." Contemporary American Religion, forthcoming, 1999..
"New Religions and Religious Freedom in Eastern and Central Europe, with Special Focus on Hungary." In Andras Sajo and Shlomo Avineri, The Law of Religious Identity: Models from Post-Communism. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, pp 195-212, 1999.
"Expert Testimony Involving Chemists and Chemistry" (with Richard Bjur). In Carl Meyer (ed.), Expert Witnessing: Explaining and Understanding Science. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp. 67-88, 1999.
"Prawo Kontrola spoleczna a nowe religie," Pp. 253-270 in Socjologia religii. Antologia tekstow, edited by Wladyslaw Piwowarski (Krakow: Nomos, 1998.)
"Discretion and Discrimination: Legal Cases Involving Minority Religions and Alleged Unacceptable Activities." Forthcoming in Rex Ahdar (ed.), Law and Religion. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishers.
"Law, Social Control, and Minority Religions." In P. Cote (ed.), Chercheurs de Dieux Dans L'space Public (Frontier Religions in the Public Space). Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1999.
"Minority Religions, Prisoners, and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act: A Review of Recent Cases and Critiques." Forthcoming in Chris Barrigar and David Sinacore-Guinn (eds.), Religion, Pluralism, and the Law: Studies in Global Perspective, Vol. 5 in McGill Studies in Religion Series. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.