Selected Publications - Lee Allen Dyer
Publications in red are linked to PDF or TEXT files or JOURNAL pages - papers IN PRESS will be posted as soon as they are available.
Copies of other publications, including any not listed here may be available from Lee Dyer (email@example.com).
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. 2013. Can Climate Change Trigger Massive Diversity Cascades in Terrestrial Ecosystems? Diversity 5:1-35.
Dyer, L.A., Richards, L.A., Short, S. A., Dodson, C.D. 2013. Effects of CO2 and temperature on tritrophic interactions. PLOS ONE 8(4): e62528.
Massad, T.J., Dyer, L.A., and G. Vega C. 2012. Costs of defense and a test of the Carbon-Nutrient Balance and Growth-Differentiation Balance Hypotheses for two co-occurring classes of plant defense. PLOS ONE 7(10): e47554.
Richards L.A., Lampert E.C., Bowers M.D., Dodson C.D., Smilanich A.M. and Dyer L.A. 2012. Synergistic effects of iridoid glycosides on the survival, development, and immune response of a specialist caterpillar (Junonia coenia Nymphalidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology.
Smilanich, A.M. and L.A. Dyer. 2012. Effects of banana plantation pesticides on the immune response of lepidopteran larvae and their parasitoid natural enemies. Insects 3:616-628.
Wilson, J.S., Forister, M.L., Dyer, L.A., O'Connor, J.M., Burls, K., Feldman, C.R., Jaramillo, M.A., Miller, J. S., Rodríguez-Castañeda, G., Tepe, E.J., Whitfield, J.B., Young, B. 2012. Host conservatism, host shifts and diversification across three trophic levels in two Neotropical forests. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25:532-546.
Dyer, L.A., Wagner, D.L., Greeney, H.F., Smilanich, A.M., Massad, T.M., Robinson, M. Fox, M., Hazen, R., Glassmire, A., Pardikes, N., Fredrickson, K., Pearson, C., Gentry, G.L., and J.O. Stireman III. 2012. Novel insights into tritrophic interaction diversity and chemical ecology using 16 years of volunteer supported research. American Entomologist 58:15-19.
Forister, M. L., Dyer, L.A., Singer, M.S., Stireman III, J.O., and J.T. Lill. 2012. Progress and perspectives in the study of ecological specialization, with emphasis on insect-plant interactions. Ecology 93:981-991.
Greeney H.F., Dyer L.A., and Smilanich A.M. 2012. Feeding by lepidopteran larvae is dangerous: A review of caterpillars' chemical, physiological, morphological, and behavioral defenses against natural enemies. Invertebrate Survival Journal 9:7-34.
Lampert, E.C., Dyer, L.A., and M.D. Bowers. 2011. Chemical Defense Across Three Trophic Levels: Catalpa bignonioides, the Caterpillar Ceratomia catalpae, and its Endoparasitoid Cotesia congregata. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 37:1063-1070.
Greeney, H.F., Whitfield, J.B., Stireman III, J.O., Penz, C.M., and L.A. Dyer. 2011. The natural history of Eryphanis greeneyi (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and its enemies, with a description of a new species of braconid parasitoid and notes on its tachinid parasitoid. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 104:1078-1090.
Rab Green, S.B., Gentry, G.L., Greeney, H.F., and L.A. Dyer. 2011. Ecology, natural history, and larval descriptions of Arctiinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea: Erebidae) from a cloud forest in the eastern Andes of Ecuador. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 104:1135-1148.
Dyer, L.A. 2011. Trophic levels. In: Gibson, D. (editor). Oxford Bibliographies Online: Ecology. Oxford University Press, NY.
Smilanich, A.M., J. Vargas, L.A. Dyer, and M.D. Bowers. 2011. Effects of ingested secondary metabolites on the immune response of a polyphagous caterpillar (Grammia incorrupta, Arctiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:239-245.
Dyer, L.A., Richards, L.A., Smilanich, A. M., Short, S., and C. D. Dodson. 2011. Synergistic and interacting effects of CO2 and temperature on tritrophic interactions. For submission to Ecology Letters.
Dyer, L.A. 2011. New Synthesis. Back to the future: New approaches and directions in chemical studies of coevolution. Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:669. (This is a new section in the Journal of Chemical Ecology that includes short opinion pieces.)
Dyer, L.A., Carson, W.P., Leigh, E.G. 2011. Insect Outbreaks in Tropical Forests: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Consequences. In: Barbosa, P., Letourneau, D.K. and Agrawal, A.A. Insect Outbreaks Revisited. Wiley-Blackwell, New Jersey.
Massad, T.J., Fincher, R.M., Smilanich, A.M., and L.A. Dyer. 2011. A quantitative evaluation of major plant defense hypotheses, nature versus nurture, and chemistry versus ants. Arthropod-Plant Interactions. 5:125-139.
Greeney, H.F., Dyer L.A., Pyrcz T.W. 2011. First description of the early stage biology of the genus Mygona: The natural history of the saturnid butterfly, Mygona irmina in eastern Ecuador. Journal of Insect Science 11:5; available online: insectscience.org/11.5
Dyer, L.A., Letourneau, D.K., Vega Chavarria, G. and D. Salazar Amoretti. 2010. Herbivores on a dominant understory shrub increase local plant diversity in rain forest communities. Ecology 91:3707-3718.
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. Diversity cascades: indirect trophic effects involving changes in biodiversity. (This manuscript, originally written as a concepts piece for Ecology Letters has been hammered by subjective reviews. The first author disagrees with the interpretations of reviewers; both authors have agreed to turn this into a book. Stay tuned.)
Rodriguez-Castaneda, G., Forkner, R. E., Tepe, E.J., Gentry, G. L., and L. A. Dyer. 2010. Weighing defensive and nutritive roles of ant mutualists across a tropical altitudinal gradient. Biotropica 43:343-350.
Rodriguez-Castaneda, G., Dyer, L.A., Brehm, G., Connahs, H., Forkner, R.E., and T.R. Walla. 2010. Tropical forests are not flat: how mountains affect herbivore diversity. Ecology Letters 13:1348-1357.
Lampert, E.C., Dyer, L.A., and M.D. Bowers. 2010. Caterpillar Chemical Defense and Parasitoid Success: Cotesia congregata parasitism of Ceratomia catalpa. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36:992-998.
Richards, L., Dyer, L.A., Smilanich, A.M., and C.D. Dodson. 2010. Synergistic effects of amides from two Piper species on generalist and specialist herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36:1105-1113.
Massad, T.J. and L.A Dyer. 2010. A meta-analysis of the effects of global environmental change on plant-herbivore interactions. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 4:181-188.
Massad, T.J., Chambers, J.Q. , Rolim, S.G., Renato, M.J., and L.A. Dyer. 2010. Restoration of pasture to forest in Brazil's Mata Atlântica: The roles of herbivory, seedling defenses, and plot design in reforestation. Restoration Ecology 19: 257-267.
Smilanich, A.M., J. Vargas, L.A. Dyer, and M.D. Bowers. 2010. Effects of ingested secondary metabolites on the immune response of a polyphagous caterpillar (Grammia incorrupta, Arctiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:239-245.
Greeney, H.F., Pyrcz, T.W. Dyer, L.A., Sánchez Z., M., and T.R. Walla. 2010. The early stages and natural history of Corades medeba Hewitson, 1850 in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae : Pronophilina). Tropical Lepidoptera Research 20:8-13.
Greeney, H.F., Dyer, L.A., DeVries, P.J., Walla, T. R., Salazar Vega, L., Simbaña, W. and L. Salagaje. 2010. Early stages and natural history of Perisama oppelii (Latreille, 1811) (Nymphalidae, Lepidoptera) in Eastern Ecuador. Kempffiana 6:16-30
Dyer, L.A., T.R. Walla, H.F. Greeney, J.O. Stireman III, and R.F. Hazen. 2010. Diversity of interactions: A metric for studies of biodiversity. Biotropica 42:281-189 - invited manuscript.
Smilanich, A.M., L.A. Dyer, M.D. Bowers, and J.Q. Chambers. 2009. Immunological costs to specialization and the evolution of insect diet breadth. Ecology Letters 12:612-621.
Smilanich, A.M., L.A. Dyer, and G. L. Gentry. 2009. The insect immune response and other putative defenses as effective predictors of parasitism. Ecology 90:1434-1440.
Carlson, J.C., L.A. Dyer, F.X. Omlin, and J.C. Beier. 2009. Diversity Cascades and Malaria Vectors. Journal of Medical Entomology 46:460-464.
Miller, J. and L.A. Dyer. 2009. Special Feature: Diversity of insect-plant interactions in the eastern Andes of Ecuador. Journal of Insect Science 9:26, available online: insectscience.org/9.26.
Stireman III, J.O., H.F. Greeny, and L.A. Dyer. 2009. Species richness and host associations of Lepidoptera-attacking Tachinidae in the northeast Ecuadorian Andes. Journal of Insect Science 9:39, available online: insectscience.org/9.39.
Tepe, E.J., W.A. Kelley, G. Rodríguez-Castañeda, and L.A. Dyer. 2009. Characterizing the cauline domatia of two newly discovered Ecuadorian ant-plants in Piper: an example of convergent evolution. Journal of Insect Science 9:27, available online: insectscience.org/9.27.
Connahs, H., G. Rodríguez-Castañeda, T. Walters, T.R. Walla and L.A. Dyer. 2009. Geographical variation in host-specificity and parasitoid pressure of an herbivore (Geometridae) associated with the tropical genus Piper. Journal of Insect Science 9:28, available online: insectscience.org/9.28.
Greeney, H.F., T.W. Pyrcz, M.R. Hualingua, P.J. DeVries, and L.A. Dyer. 2009. The early stages of Pedaliodes poesia (Hewitson, 1862) in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera, Satyrinae, Pronophilina). Journal of Insect Science 9:38, available online: insectscience.org/9.38.
Greeney, H.F., P.J. DeVries, C.M. Penz, R.B. Granizo-T, H. Connahs, J.O. Stireman III, T.R. Walla, and L.A. Dyer. 2009. The early stages and natural history of Antirrhea adoptive porphyrosticta (Watkins, 1928) in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Morphinae). Journal of Insect Science 9:26, available online: insectscience.org/9.26.
Grinter, C.C., J.B. Whitfield, H. Connahs, L.A. Dyer, W. Hallwachs, and D.H. Janzen. 2009. Review of Neotropical Distatrix Mason (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with descriptions of six new reared species. Journal of Insect Science 9:29, available online: insectscience.org/9.29.
Pearson, C.V., T.J. Massad, L.A. Dyer. 2008. Diversity cascades in alfalfa fields: from plant quality to agroecosystem diversity. Environmental Entomology 37:947-955.
Fincher, R.M., L.A. Dyer (corresponding author), C.D. Dodson, J. L. Richards, M.A. Tobler, J. Searcy, J. E. Mather, A. J. Reid, J. S. Rolig and W. Pidcock. 2008. Inter- and Intraspecific comparisons of antiherbivore defenses in three species of rainforest understory shrubs. Journal of Chemical Ecology 34:558-574.
Dyer, L.A. 2008. The ecology of tri-trophic interactions in the tropics. Pages 275-293 in: Carson, W.P. and S.A. Schnitzer (editors). Tropical Forest Community Ecology. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.
Dyer, L.A., M.S. Singer, J.T. Lill, J.O. Stireman III, G.L. Gentry, R.J. Marquis, R.E. Ricklefs, H.F. Greeney, D.L. Wagner, H.C. Morais, I.R. Diniz, T.A. Kursar, and P.D. Coley. 2007. Host specificity of Lepidoptera in tropical and temperate forests. Nature 448:696-699.
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. 2007. Determinants of lichen diversity in a rainforest understory. Biotropica 39:525-539.
Armstrong, M., Berkowitz, A.R., Dyer, L.A. and J. Taylor. 2007. Understanding why students underrepresented in ecology pursue ecology careers: a preliminary case study of 39 African American students. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:415-420.
Pearson, C.V. and L.A. Dyer. 2006. Trophic diversity in two grassland ecosystems. Journal of Insect Science 6:23.
Stireman III, J.O., L.A. Dyer, D.H. Janzen, M.S. Singer, J.T. Lill, R.J. Marquis, R.E. Ricklefs, G.L. Gentry, W. Hallwachs, P.D. Coley, J.A. Barone, H.F. Greeney, H. Connahs, P. Barbosa, H.C. Morais, and I.R. Diniz. 2005. Climatic unpredictability and caterpillar parasitism: implications of global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102:17384-17387.
Dyer, L.A., Matlock, R.M., Cherzad, D., and R. O'Malley. 2005. Predicting successful biological control in banana plantations. Environmental Entomology 34:403-409.
Irschick, D., Dyer, L.A., and T. Sherry. 2005. Phylogenetic methods for studying specialization. Oikos 110:404-408. (There are some conceptual gaps in this paper that should be fixed by a specialization paper that is currently in preparation.)
Stireman, J.O. III, Dyer, L.A., and R.M. Matlock. 2005. Top-down forces in managed versus unmanaged habitats. In: Barbosa, P. and I. Castellanos (eds.). Ecology of Predator-Prey Interactions. Oxford University Press.
Letourneau, D.K. and L.A. Dyer. 2005. Multi-trophic interactions and biodiversity: beetles, ants, caterpillars, and plants.In: Hartley, S. (ed.). Biotic Interactions in the Tropics: Their Role in the Maintenance of Species Diversity. Academic Press.
Dyer, L.A., Dodson, C.D., Letourneau, D.K., Tobler, M.A., Hsu, A., and J.O. Stireman III. 2004. Ecological causes and consequences of variation in defensive chemistry of a neotropical shrub. Ecology 2795-2803.
Letourneau, D.K., Dyer, L.A., and G. Vega. 2004. Indirect effects of top predator on rain forest understory plant community. Ecology 85:2144-2152.
Dyer, L.A. and A.N. Palmer. 2004. Piper. A model genus for studies of evolution, chemical ecology, and trophic interactions. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
Dyer, L.A., Dodson, C.D., and J. Richards. 2004. Isolation, synthesis, and evolutionary ecology of Piper amides. Pages 117-139 in: Dyer, L.A. and A.N. Palmer (eds.). Piper. A model genus for studies of evolution, chemical ecology, and trophic interactions. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
Dyer, L.A., Gentry, G., and M. Tobler. 2004. Fitness consequences of herbivory: impacts on asexual reproduction of tropical rainforest understory plants. Biotropica 36:68-73.
Dyer, L.A., Dodson, C.D., Gentry, G. 2003. A bioassay for insect deterrent compounds found in plant and animal tissues. Phytochemical Analysis 14:381-388.
Dyer, L.A. and J.O. Stireman III. 2003. Community-wide trophic cascades and other indirect interactions in an agricultural community. Basic and Applied Ecology 4:423-432.
Dyer, L.A., Dodson, C.D., Stireman, J.O., Tobler, M.A., Smilanich, A.M., Fincher, R.M., and D.K. Letourneau. 2003. Synergistic effects of three Piper amides on generalist and specialist herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29:2499-2514.
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. 2003. Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital versus living food webs. Ecology Letters 6:60-68.
Gentry, G.L. and L.A. Dyer. 2002. On the conditional nature of neotropical caterpillar defenses against their natural enemies. Ecology 83:3108-3119.
Dyer, L.A. 2002. Jungle phobias. Earthwatch 21:10-11.
Dyer, L.A. 2002. A quantification of predation rates, indirect positive effects on plants, and foraging variation of the giant tropical ant, Paraponera clavata. Journal of Insect Science 2.18:1-7.
Dyer, L.A. and G.L. Gentry. 2002. Caterpillars and parasitoids of a tropical lowland wet forest. http://www.caterpillars.org.
Dyer, L. and N. Bishop. 2001. In defense of caterpillars. Natural History 110:42-47.
Dyer, L.A. and P.D. Coley. 2001. Latitudinal gradients in tri-trophic interactions. Pages 67-88 in: Tscharntke, T. and Hawkins, B.A. (editors). Multitrophic Level Interactions. Cambridge University Press.
Dyer, L.A., Dodson, C.D., Beihoffer, J. and D.K. Letourneau. 2001. Trade offs in anti-herbivore defenses in Piper cenocladum: ant mutualists versus plant secondary metabolites. J. Chem. Ecol 27:581-592.
Dodson, C.D., Dyer, L.A., Searcy, J., Wright, Z., and D.K. Letourneau. 2000. Cenocladamide, a dihydropyridone alkaloid from Piper cenocladum. Phytochemistry 53:51-54.
Dyer, L.A., Williams, W., Dodson, C., and D.K. Letourneau. 2000. A commensalism between Piper marginatum Jacq. (Piperaceae) and a coccinellid beetle. Journal of Tropical Ecology 15:841-846.
Dyer, L.A. 2000. Cybernetic insect outbreaks. Ecology 81:3262-3263.
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. 1999. Trophic cascades in a complex, terrestrial community. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 96:5072-5076.
Dyer, L.A. and D.K. Letourneau. 1999. Relative strengths of top-down and bottom-up forces in a tropical forest community. Oecologia 119:265-274.
Dyer, L.A. and Gentry, G. 1999. Larval defensive mechanisms as predictors of successful biological control. Ecological Applications 9:402-408.
Letourneau, D.K. and L.A. Dyer. 1998. Density patterns of Piper ant-plants and associated arthropods: Top predator cascades in a terrestrial system? Biotropica 30:162-169.
Letourneau, D.K. and L.A. Dyer. 1998. Experimental manipulations in lowland tropical forest demonstrate top-down cascades through four trophic levels. Ecology 79:1678-1687.
Dyer, L.A. 1997. Effectiveness of caterpillar defenses against three species of invertebrate predators. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 34:48-68.
Dyer, L.A. and M.D. Bowers. 1996. The importance of sequestered iridoid glycosides as a defense against an ant predator. Journal of Chem. Ecology 22:1527-1539.
Folgarait, P.J., L.A. Dyer, R.J. Marquis, and H.E. Braker. 1996. Leaf-cutting ant (Atta cephalotes) preferences for five native tropical plantation tree species growing under different light conditions. Ent. Exp. et App. 80:521-531.
Dyer, L.A. 1995. Tasty generalists and nasty specialists? A comparative study of antipredator mechanisms in tropical lepidopteran larvae. Ecology 76:1483-1496.
De la Fuente, M.A., L.A. Dyer, and M.D. Bowers. 1994. The iridoid glycoside, catalpol, as a deterrent to the predator Camponotus floridanus (Formicidae). Chemoecology 5/6:13-18.
Dyer, L.A. and T. Floyd. 1993. Determinants of predation on phytophagous insects: the importance of diet breadth. Oecologia 96:575-582.
Dyer, L.A. and R.E. Forkner. 2007. Why are agroecosystems green? Ecology 88:1606-1607.
Dyer, L.A. 2011. Do not go gentle into that tropical night. In: Adams, R. (ed.). Reflections by Moonlight. University Press of Colorado.
Dyer, L.A. In prep. Tropical Community Ecology. Plenum Academic Publishers.